New discoveries were made in Pompeii that illuminated the life of the middle class.

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In the ancient Roman city of Pompeii in Italy, new discoveries have been made that illuminate the life of the middle class in the city before it was buried in ashes as a result of a volcanic eruption. 

Gabriel Zuchtriegel, director of the Pompeii Archaeological Park, said that the excavation, which was first carried out in an old Roman house (domus) found in 2018, obtained valuable information about the home life of ordinary people in the city, which was buried under ashes in 79 BC.

'Financial resources did not allow all the rooms to be decorated'

Among the new finds are furniture and household items in the courtyard of the house, a sanctuary called lararium, dedicated to the guardian gods known as lares. 

Remains of chests and tables found in Pompeii

Zuchtriegel says that although there is an extremely well-decorated cistern in the courtyard of the house, "financial resources may not have allowed to decorate all five rooms of the house." It is stated that one of the rooms of the house with unpainted walls and soil floor was used as a warehouse.

A bed frame with a residue of pillow fabric in one of the bedrooms is also among the remains. Experts say the bed type is similar to the cots previously found and believed to be the beds of slave families.

Among the items endowed are the remains of a wooden chest with an open lid and an oil lamp decorated with relief depicting the transformation of the Greek god Zeus into an eagle. There is also a small three-legged coffee table near the chest.

Discoveries in the warehouse showed a wooden cabinet with a still intact backing but with collapsed shelves. Archaeologists believe the cabinet had at least 4 lids and pots and plates were placed inside for use in the nearby kitchen.

'A population intolerant of political crisis and famine'
A well-preserved sled-shaped incense container, a translucent, framed slab piece in bright cobalt blue and emerald tones are among other finds. 

Of middle-class life in Pompeii, Zuchtriegel writes, "There was a large population in the Roman Empire who struggled for social status and tried to earn their daily bread. A class that is precarious for political crises and food shortages, but ambitious to climb the social ladder," he said.

Excavations were previously largely concentrated on the villas of the elite inhabitants of Pompeii, majestic and elaborately decorated with frescoes. 

Today, however, archaeological activities are increasingly focused on the lives of the middle class, slaves and servants.