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The Most Famous Female Alchemist Who Invented Benmari: Maria Prophetissima (Maria the Jewess)


Maria prophetissima... It means "prophet maria" in Latin. it is also known as the Jewish maria (maria hebraea). The early gnostic and alchemist is mentioned in the works of Zosimos of Panopolis, and according to the information given by Zosimos, she was a female alchemist who lived in Alexandria in the 3rd century AD.

He also invented a number of tools that he used in his alchemical studies. the most commonly known of these tools is bain-marie. (fr. bain marie: marie's bathroom). He invented a three-armed instrument called tribicos, which was used to obtain purified substances by distillation, and this instrument is still used today in chemistry laboratories. In his writings (quoted by zosimos), mary recommended that the copper or bronze used to make the tubes be the thickness of a frying pan, and that the connections between the tubes and the immobile head be sealed with flour paste.

Another tool called kerotakis, invented by Mary, is an object used to heat substances used in alchemy and collect vapors. it is an airtight container with copper plate on the upper side. When properly functioning, it creates a tight vacuum in all joints. The use of such sealed vessels in the hermetic arts later led to the term "hermetically sealed", which was widely used in industry.

Maria also established the principle of the axiom of maria, which is accepted as one of the basic rules of alchemy.

New discoveries were made in Pompeii that illuminated the life of the middle class.


In the ancient Roman city of Pompeii in Italy, new discoveries have been made that illuminate the life of the middle class in the city before it was buried in ashes as a result of a volcanic eruption. 

Gabriel Zuchtriegel, director of the Pompeii Archaeological Park, said that the excavation, which was first carried out in an old Roman house (domus) found in 2018, obtained valuable information about the home life of ordinary people in the city, which was buried under ashes in 79 BC.

'Financial resources did not allow all the rooms to be decorated'

Among the new finds are furniture and household items in the courtyard of the house, a sanctuary called lararium, dedicated to the guardian gods known as lares. 

Remains of chests and tables found in Pompeii

Zuchtriegel says that although there is an extremely well-decorated cistern in the courtyard of the house, "financial resources may not have allowed to decorate all five rooms of the house." It is stated that one of the rooms of the house with unpainted walls and soil floor was used as a warehouse.

A bed frame with a residue of pillow fabric in one of the bedrooms is also among the remains. Experts say the bed type is similar to the cots previously found and believed to be the beds of slave families.

Among the items endowed are the remains of a wooden chest with an open lid and an oil lamp decorated with relief depicting the transformation of the Greek god Zeus into an eagle. There is also a small three-legged coffee table near the chest.

Discoveries in the warehouse showed a wooden cabinet with a still intact backing but with collapsed shelves. Archaeologists believe the cabinet had at least 4 lids and pots and plates were placed inside for use in the nearby kitchen.

'A population intolerant of political crisis and famine'
A well-preserved sled-shaped incense container, a translucent, framed slab piece in bright cobalt blue and emerald tones are among other finds. 

Of middle-class life in Pompeii, Zuchtriegel writes, "There was a large population in the Roman Empire who struggled for social status and tried to earn their daily bread. A class that is precarious for political crises and food shortages, but ambitious to climb the social ladder," he said.

Excavations were previously largely concentrated on the villas of the elite inhabitants of Pompeii, majestic and elaborately decorated with frescoes. 

Today, however, archaeological activities are increasingly focused on the lives of the middle class, slaves and servants.

The Origin Story of the Happy Birthday to You Song Known to the World

Who wrote the lyrics of Happy Birthday to You, the indispensable song of birthdays, who composed the song, how did it become popular?

The song "happy birthday to you", which is originally in English and is known to have been translated into at least 18 languages, was first composed by a kindergarten teacher and pianist under the name "good morning to you". The purpose of the composition of the song was aimed at kindergarten students. it had no commercial or professional purpose. The song was composed in 1893 by two sisters, Patty and Mildred Hill. The song in this form, as a "good morning song", was included in the 1893 book "song stories" written by two sisters for kindergarten.

it is not known when the song turned into a birthday song and who wrote the lyrics as such. however, it was first published in a book in 1924 under the name "happy birthday to you". the song began to become popular in the 1930s. In 1935, the other sister of the song's composers, Jessica Hill, filed a lawsuit and bought the rights to the song. Today, when this song is used for commercial purposes, royalties must be paid to the hill foundation. The company that owns the copyright makes two million dollars a year from this song.

According to a 1998 survey by the Guinness Book of Records, "happy birthday to you" is the best-known English song in the world.

Electric Caravan That Goes Both Water and Land

The German company Caracat combined the caravan and the catamaran with the ystem it patented and created an electric amphibious vehicle design.

Three-quarters of the world is made up of water, which means that only a quarter of the remaining is suitable for wheeled vehicles. If you are closely interested in caravan life, which is one of the trends brought by the pandemic, you may have noticed that the routes you can go may be limited by physical conditions. The German company Caracat is breaking down the boundaries for an ordinary caravan with its new design capable of amphibians (which can live both on water and on land). Caracat, with the idea of Aylin, the daughter of the company owner, and in partnership with Schneider Caravaning, has developed a patented system that makes it possible to turn the caravan into a catamaran by opening and closing the bodies called pontoons at the bottom of the caravans.

Caracat 860 has three models: 66, 76 and 86. These names refer to their full length in meters. Caracat 860 models can accommodate 4 to 6 people. All models have a small balcony and an awning that protects from the sun. The deck equipment is the same as an ordinary catamaran. The roof sections of all three were designed to be used as sun terraces. The interior design, predominantly leather and wood veneer, more reminiscent of a studio apartment, Caracat 860 has two living areas with folding beds, a bathroom with a shower, a kitchen and a wardrobe. Only the bathroom is located separately from the other sections. Its side windows are wide enough to create no lighting problems and are thermally tempered to ensure durability.

Users can choose between gas, diesel-electric and electric-only options for heating, air conditioning and kitchen equipment. Roof-mounted drop-down tents allow the space to expand, and the lounge area can turn into a sleeping area. In the Caracat 860, an electric vehicle, toilet waste is destroyed by burning inside.  Caracat 860, which can be used by anyone with an international B1 license; In the company's words, the park reduces the cost of parking with its size and waste costs with its disposal mechanism.

Shoes That Rot Like Plants

As the population increases, shoe waste also increases, these remain in nature for a long time without disappearing and are difficult to recycle, making it one of the most dangerous products. One of the factors that make it difficult to recycle is the high variety of materials used in its construction and therefore the separation process is problematic. These striking facts have led giant sneaker manufacturers and independent designers to focus on this issue. You can check out the solutions in this area here. There were also those who approached the issue from the point of view of the use of completely organic materials. Laura Muth's shoes, for example, with an expiration date, were really interesting. Let's not forget This is grown, the shoe that Jen Keane created with bacteria, and Emilie Burfeind's compostable shoe Sneature, made from shed dog hair.

Now architect and artist Yussef Agbo-Ola and his Olaniyi Studio have a shoe collection called Kajola. These shoes, which are made entirely of biological materials, fade and rot like plants over time.

They are not functional at the moment, but wearable versions will be developed that will be available in 2023

Kajola; a capsule collection of nine experimental shoes made from natural materials such as clay, volcanic powder and cocoa powder. London-based Olaniyi Studio says it imagines the shoes as handmade limited-edition "living" works of art rather than functional objects. Although the collection is not functional at the moment, Olaniyi Studio aims to develop a wearable version that will be available in 2023.

The decay process of plants was investigated in order to control the formal change of shoes.

The sole of shoes; made with plant fibers mixed with clay, starch and other organic materials. The top of each shoe is shaped by hand and sewn together with natural fibers. The parts in this upper part; It contains natural additives such as herbs, sand, flowers and algae selected to control the deterioration rate of the shoe. In the process of construction, a Japanese shoe patching machine designed to repair leather products was used.

The team created these designs with the idea that the bark and leaves of the plants will shrink when they begin to rot. In fact, this process of shrinking and curling inspired them. They conducted research on the properties of plant skin, how this material and its decay process can be used as a system for shoes. The Kajola collection takes its name from a region of Nigeria. The forest where Agbo-Ola investigated the degradation process in organic matter is also located in this region.

The aim is to extend the potential of materials that can be made with plants far beyond what is known.

The designers are currently aiming to develop a series of prototypes in which plant-based artificial skins fused with recycled ocean plastics and recycled rubber are used as a formula for the 3D-printed base composition. For this, they form a team of engineers and materials scientists. The aim is to extend the potential of materials that can be made with plants far beyond what is known.

Agbo-Ola plants has a strong resume in terms of art and design. They recently collaborated with cocoa farmer Tabita Rezaire on a work – an installation researching medicinal plants – that is on display at the Serpentine Gallery in London as part of a climate-focused Back to Earth exhibition.

New movie-like music video from Megan thee stallion

Megan Thee Stallion, who managed to get the rust off our ears again with her latest album Traumazine in August, shared the music video shot for Ungrateful, one of the album's hit songs.

The music video for the song, which is accompanied by Key Glock and Meg, is directed by Colin Tilley. In the video, we see Meg, who is in black, going to a funeral and encountering her doppelganger in white.

Ungrateful's music video is just below. Do not forget to listen to Traumazine, which is a candidate to be one of the best of the year, again.